Breeding Rules

Resident Mares and Non-resident Mares

The rules are simple and effectively create two categories of mares: resident and non-resident. To qualify for registration as a New York-bred, the mare must FOAL in New York State and meet the domicile requirements specified below. Please note that mare residency is determined on a foal-by-foal basis.

Resident Mares: A resident mare is a mare that is continuously in residence in New York State from within 120 days after last cover in the year of conception, and thereafter remain in the state until foaling the following year, with no breed-back required. Mares that maintain their resident status can be covered each season by a stallion located anywhere in the world.

A non-resident mare would be a mare that does not qualify as a resident mare. However, under the new rules, a non-resident mare that is purchased in foal through public auction will be deemed to be a resident mare for all purposes if all of the following conditions are satisfied: (1) the mare is purchased for at least $50,000 in the public auction, (2) the mare is present in New York State within 15 days after the sale is concluded, (3) the foal from public auction mare is foaled in New York State and (4) the mare thereafter is continuously in residence in New York State from within 120 days after her last cover in the year of conception of another foal and remains in residency until foaling.

Non-Resident Mares: In order for her foal to be eligible to be registered as a NY-bred, a non-resident mare must FOAL in New York State, remain in the state for a total continuous period of 90 days (including the time before and after foaling) AND be BRED BACK to a registered New York stallion before leaving the state.

Broodmare “Leave of Absence”

To protect their New York State “resident mare” status, in-foal broodmares may be granted a “leave of absence” when leaving the state for bloodstock sales. If returned to New York State within the guidelines of the leave of absence, the mare will be considered a resident mare regarding her in-utero foal.

Leave of absence - A mare may be removed from the state up to fifteen (15) days before the commencement of the sale and stay for the duration of the sale, but must be returned to New York State no longer than fifteen (15) days after the sale has concluded.

Jockey Club Certification

Please note that no horse can be registered as a NY-bred without first receiving certification from the Jockey Club. For further information, contact the Fund Registrar at (518) 388-0174.

Click here for the online foal application.

Registered NY Stallions

A stallion must be registered with the New York State-bred Registry and must be (1) owned by a resident of this state and standing the entire stud season in this state, or (2) owned by a resident of another state but standing the entire stud season in this state and leased by a resident of this area for a term of not less than one year. Leases must be filed with the New York State-bred Registry.